The female orgasm remains elusive for many women who never or rarely experience an orgasm during sexual intercourse, and for some women, during masturbation. A variety of studies have shown a number of reasons exist behind the elusive nature of female orgasms. Most of the factors behind the elusive nature of female orgasms are purely physical.
What is the Female Orgasm?
An orgasm is defined as a strong feeling of sexual pleasure or the release of built-up sexual tension within the human body. It is also referred to as climaxing. Directly before and during the female orgasm, specific physical changes occur to the woman’s body.
What Happens During the Female Orgasm?
When the female orgasm takes place, it does so in a small series of stages. Without each of these stages, a woman is less likely to experience an orgasmic response as the result of sexual intercourse or masturbation.
During foreplay, a woman experiences a warm feeling occurring throughout her body. This is the result of blood moving from various parts of her body and traveling to her clitoris and vagina.
If the sexual stimulation continues, the inner wall of the vagina begins to secrete drops of lubrication as a result. As sexual stimulation continues to take place, the vagina secretes additional drops of lubrication that begin to grow in size.
The woman begins to experience arousal due to the sexual stimulation to her genitals. Her blood continues to flow from other parts of her body to her vagina and clitoris. She begins to breathe more quickly and deeply. Her heart beats faster and faster as she becomes more aroused.
If sexual stimulation continues, a woman’s nipples become erect. Additional stimulation to the breasts increases the intensity of her sexual pleasure that is building toward the orgasmic reaction.
The woman’s vagina undergoes changes that allow it to grip the penis (if penile intercourse is occurring). The sexual tension in the woman’s body builds and continues to build in her genitals, buttocks, pelvic area, and thighs. This tension grows in intensity until it is released in what is referred to as the female orgasm.
During the female orgasm, the vagina, uterus, and anus simultaneously contract at the moment of climax. This release is often experienced as a small series of shudders or a mild to moderate shaking of the woman’s pelvic area, thighs, and buttocks.
The woman’s body is releasing the sexual tension (nerve and muscle tension) in a series of waves that are pleasurable for her. Other parts of the woman’s body may also contract during this time, including her facial muscles, feet, and toes. Once a woman’s contractions subside, her body falls into a relaxed state that may lead to sleep.
How Many Contractions Occur During the Female Orgasm?
While the number of contractions experienced during a female orgasm varies for a number of reasons, a small orgasm typically consists of 3 to 5 waves of sexual release. A larger orgasm would involve 10 or more contractions of sexual release.
Women can experience multiple orgasms as long as the sexual tension continues to build and she continues to remain stimulated. Without this stimulation, it is unlikely that a woman will experience multiple orgasms.
What Factors Can Prevent Women from Having Female Orgasms?
In general, continued clitoral stimulation is essential to climaxing. Without it, many women fail to reach that pivotal point that sends them over the edge, releasing built-up sexual tension.
A variety of studies have suggested that the distance between the clitoris and vagina affects a woman’s ability to reach a sexual climax. Changing positions while experiencing penile intercourse may influence a woman’s ability to have an orgasm, since it may also increase the amount of stimulation received by the woman’s clitoris.
Certain medications can affect whether or not a woman reaches a climax during sexual intercourse. Illness can also prevent a woman from experiencing an orgasm. Studies have also suggested that emotional trauma and stress can result in the inability of a woman to properly enjoy sexual intercourse resulting in orgasm. Environmental factors such as the individual’s upbringing can also influence whether or not a woman’s sexual activity leads to an orgasmic response.
Some studies have suggested that genes may be responsible for the lack of an orgasmic response in women. Although the verdict is still out on this idea, more studies are expected to follow up with the idea that a woman’s ability to enjoy an orgasm is linked to her genes.
Susan M. Keenan